The Balbi Tarot was designed by Domenico Balbi in 1976 and published in 1978 by Heraclio Fournier in Spain.
From the accompanying instruction leaflet by Emilio Picciotto:
Domenico Balbi, a painter, designer and engraver, was born in Genoa in 1927 and passed away in 2005. After a study on the Art Academy of Genoa he moved to Paris where he continued his art studies and became interested in esoteric philosophy. Domenico Balbi took part in many art exhibitions in Italy and abroad. He also gave numerous conferences on the symbolism of the Cabala and the Tarot, that can be found on the design of his cards.
The Tarot Mitico Vasco / Euskal Tarot / Basque Mythical Tarot was published in 1982 by Fournier, Victoria Spain.
It is said that the cards offer an interesting insight in Basque symbolism. It is certain, that one has to be familiar with that symbolism in order to work with it. If it adds to the interpretation of the tarot in general is open for discussion. In any case, it is very colorful and the typical images are absolutely inspiring.
‘The Great Esoteric Tarot is the first true and wholy Spanish Tarot in origination and design – on the occasion of the 600th anniversary of the existing of playing cards in Europe’. Thus, wrote Heraclio Fournier in April 1976 in Vitoria, Spain.
The design of the cards by Luis Pena Longa resembles the standard TdM but is more colorful.
The major arcana cards are numbered and have titles in Spanish. Card number XIII, Death, is not numbered, probably because number 13 is considered an unlucky number. Astrological symbols and Hebrew letters have been assigned to the cards of the major arcana and the court cards. The minor arcana cards have numbers, but no titles.
Papus is a pseudonym for Dr. Gérard Analect Vincent Encausse (GE), born on July 13, 1865 in Coruña (Spain) and deceased in 1916 in Paris on October 25 (Tubercolosis).
He was a significant French occultist and one of the founders of the French Theosophical Society (TS) that he parted from in 1890. Papus then founded another group, a sort of anti-TS, the ‘Groupe indépendant d’étude ésotériques’ based on pure esoteric values.
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