It is often said that The Tarot of Marseilles belongs to the older tarot decks known by mankind. Although that might very well be true, the tarot deck that preceded it and from which it probably originates, is the Visconti Sforza tarot deck, originally designed for entertaining the Italian courts. From there it ‘travelled’, with the French troops, (after the French conquered Milano in 1499.), to Switzerland and France where it then became the most well-known tarot deck for the French speaking territories. And until today, still is.
Papus is a pseudonym for Dr. Gérard Analect Vincent Encausse (GE), born on July 13, 1865 in Coruña (Spain) and deceased in 1916 in Paris on October 25 (Tubercolosis).
He was a significant French occultist and one of the founders of the French Theosophical Society (TS) that he parted from in 1890. Papus then founded another group, a sort of anti-TS, the ‘Groupe indépendant d’étude ésotériques’ based on pure esoteric values.
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